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Administration of cloprostenol to sows 24 hours after farrowing improves the subsequent weaning to service interval and farrowing rate


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https://doi.org/10.12706/itea.2021.033

Authors: Sara Crespo y Joaquín Gadea
Issue: In Press
Topic: Animal Production
Keywords: fertility, pig production, prostaglandins, reproductive control
Summary:

In this study, a total of 448 productive sows of different parity (ranging from 1 to 7), including 215 sows of the Control group and 233 sows of the PGF2α group were used. An intramuscular injection of 2 ml of sodium cloprostenol (87 µg) was given 24 h postpartum to the sows of the Cloprostenol group. The individualized productive data of the sows of each group were recorded. Blood progesterone levels decreased from 0 to 72 h post‑partum in the Cloprostenol group (P < 0.05), but not in the Control group. Weaning to service interval was reduced in the Cloprostenol group (5.72 ± 0.23 days vs. 6.20 ± 0.22 days; P < 0.01). The percentage of sows inseminated before 6 days after farrowing was higher (73.39 % vs. 62.33 %; P = 0.01) in the Cloprostenol group, and there was a tendency for an increase in pregnancy rate (ultrasonography evaluation at 28‑30 days port insemination) in the same group (95.28 % vs. 90.70 %; P = 0.06). The farrowing rate was significantly increased in the PGF2α group (93.99 % vs. 86.51 %; P < 0.01), although no differences were found for litter size. The application of cloprostenol after farrowing improved fertility rates and reduced non-productive days.

Citation:

Crespo S, Gadea J (en prensa). La administración a cerdas de cloprostenol 24 horas después del parto reduce el intervalo destete‑cubrición y mejora la tasa de partos en el ciclo siguiente. ITEA‑Información Técnica Económica Agraria. Vol. xx: 1-14. https://doi.org/10.12706/itea.2021.033

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